Hướng dẫn chơi Minecraft: Tập lệnh khởi động máy chủ/Tập lệnh


Lưu ý: Vì đây là trang về các bài viết hướng dẫn, nghĩa là ai cũng có thể truy cập, điều đó có nghĩa là những nhà thành lập không thực sự sử dụng những tập lệnh này để thiết lập trò chơi. Đây chỉ là bài viết tham khảo.

#!/bin/bash
# /etc/init.d/minecraft
# version 0.4.0 2015-04-20 (YYYY-MM-DD)
#
### BEGIN INIT INFO
# Provides:   minecraft
# Required-Start: $local_fs $remote_fs screen-cleanup
# Required-Stop:  $local_fs $remote_fs
# Should-Start:   $network
# Should-Stop:    $network
# Default-Start:  2 3 4 5
# Default-Stop:   0 1 6
# Short-Description:    Minecraft server
# Description:    Starts the minecraft server
### END INIT INFO

#Settings
SERVICE='minecraft_server.jar'
OPTIONS='nogui'
USERNAME='minecraft'
WORLD='world'
MCPATH='/home/minecraft/minecraft'
BACKUPPATH='/media/remote.share/minecraft.backup'
MAXHEAP=2048
MINHEAP=1024
HISTORY=1024
CPU_COUNT=1
INVOCATION="java -Xmx${MAXHEAP}M -Xms${MINHEAP}M -XX:+UseConcMarkSweepGC \
-XX:+CMSIncrementalPacing -XX:ParallelGCThreads=$CPU_COUNT -XX:+AggressiveOpts \
-jar $SERVICE $OPTIONS" 

ME=`whoami`
as_user() {
  if [ "$ME" = "$USERNAME" ] ; then
    bash -c "$1"
  else
    su - "$USERNAME" -c "$1"
  fi
}

mc_start() {
  if  pgrep -u $USERNAME -f $SERVICE > /dev/null
  then
    echo "$SERVICE is already running!"
  else
    echo "Starting $SERVICE..."
    cd $MCPATH
    as_user "cd $MCPATH && screen -h $HISTORY -dmS minecraft $INVOCATION"
    sleep 7
    if pgrep -u $USERNAME -f $SERVICE > /dev/null
    then
      echo "$SERVICE is now running."
    else
      echo "Error! Could not start $SERVICE!"
    fi
  fi
}

mc_saveoff() {
  if pgrep -u $USERNAME -f $SERVICE > /dev/null
  then
    echo "$SERVICE is running... suspending saves"
    as_user "screen -p 0 -S minecraft -X eval 'stuff \"say SERVER BACKUP STARTING. Server going readonly...\"\015'"
    as_user "screen -p 0 -S minecraft -X eval 'stuff \"save-off\"\015'"
    as_user "screen -p 0 -S minecraft -X eval 'stuff \"save-all\"\015'"
    sync
    sleep 10
  else
    echo "$SERVICE is not running. Not suspending saves."
  fi
}

mc_saveon() {
  if pgrep -u $USERNAME -f $SERVICE > /dev/null
  then
    echo "$SERVICE is running... re-enabling saves"
    as_user "screen -p 0 -S minecraft -X eval 'stuff \"save-on\"\015'"
    as_user "screen -p 0 -S minecraft -X eval 'stuff \"say SERVER BACKUP ENDED. Server going read-write...\"\015'"
  else
    echo "$SERVICE is not running. Not resuming saves."
  fi
}

mc_stop() {
  if pgrep -u $USERNAME -f $SERVICE > /dev/null
  then
    echo "Stopping $SERVICE"
    as_user "screen -p 0 -S minecraft -X eval 'stuff \"say SERVER SHUTTING DOWN IN 10 SECONDS. Saving map...\"\015'"
    as_user "screen -p 0 -S minecraft -X eval 'stuff \"save-all\"\015'"
    sleep 10
    as_user "screen -p 0 -S minecraft -X eval 'stuff \"stop\"\015'"
    sleep 7
  else
    echo "$SERVICE was not running."
  fi
  if pgrep -u $USERNAME -f $SERVICE > /dev/null
  then
    echo "Error! $SERVICE could not be stopped."
  else
    echo "$SERVICE is stopped."
  fi
} 

mc_update() {
  if pgrep -u $USERNAME -f $SERVICE > /dev/null
  then
    echo "$SERVICE is running! Will not start update."
  else
    as_user "cd $MCPATH && wget -q -O $MCPATH/versions http://s3.amazonaws.com/Minecraft.Download/versions/versions.json"
	snap=`awk -v linenum=3 'NR == linenum {print; exit}' "$MCPATH/versions"`
	snapVersion=`echo $snap | awk -F'\"' '{print $4}'`
	re=`awk -v linenum=4 'NR == linenum {print; exit}' "$MCPATH/versions"`
	reVersion=`echo $re | awk -F'\"' '{print $4}'`
	as_user "rm $MCPATH/versions"
	if [ "$1" == "snapshot" ]; then
	MC_SERVER_URL=http://s3.amazonaws.com/Minecraft.Download/versions/$snapVersion/minecraft_server.$snapVersion.jar
	else
	MC_SERVER_URL=http://s3.amazonaws.com/Minecraft.Download/versions/$reVersion/minecraft_server.$reVersion.jar
	fi
    as_user "cd $MCPATH && wget -q -O $MCPATH/minecraft_server.jar.update $MC_SERVER_URL"
    if [ -f $MCPATH/minecraft_server.jar.update ]
    then
      if `diff $MCPATH/$SERVICE $MCPATH/minecraft_server.jar.update >/dev/null`
      then 
        echo "You are already running the latest version of $SERVICE."
      else
        as_user "mv $MCPATH/minecraft_server.jar.update $MCPATH/$SERVICE"
        echo "Minecraft successfully updated."
      fi
    else
      echo "Minecraft update could not be downloaded."
    fi
  fi
}

mc_backup() {
   mc_saveoff
   
   NOW=`date "+%Y-%m-%d_%Hh%M"`
   BACKUP_FILE="$BACKUPPATH/${WORLD}_${NOW}.tar"
   echo "Backing up minecraft world..."
   #as_user "cd $MCPATH && cp -r $WORLD $BACKUPPATH/${WORLD}_`date "+%Y.%m.%d_%H.%M"`"
   as_user "tar -C \"$MCPATH\" -cf \"$BACKUP_FILE\" $WORLD"

   echo "Backing up $SERVICE"
   as_user "tar -C \"$MCPATH\" -rf \"$BACKUP_FILE\" $SERVICE"
   #as_user "cp \"$MCPATH/$SERVICE\" \"$BACKUPPATH/minecraft_server_${NOW}.jar\""

   mc_saveon

   echo "Compressing backup..."
   as_user "gzip -f \"$BACKUP_FILE\""
   echo "Done."
}

mc_command() {
  command="$1";
  if pgrep -u $USERNAME -f $SERVICE > /dev/null
  then
    pre_log_len=`wc -l "$MCPATH/logs/latest.log" | awk '{print $1}'`
    echo "$SERVICE is running... executing command"
    as_user "screen -p 0 -S minecraft -X eval 'stuff \"$command\"\015'"
    sleep .1 # assumes that the command will run and print to the log file in less than .1 seconds
    # print output
    tail -n $[`wc -l "$MCPATH/logs/latest.log" | awk '{print $1}'`-$pre_log_len] "$MCPATH/logs/latest.log"
  fi
}

#Start-Stop here
case "$1" in
  start)
    mc_start
    ;;
  stop)
    mc_stop
    ;;
  restart)
    mc_stop
    mc_start
    ;;
  update)
    mc_stop
    mc_backup
    mc_update $2
    mc_start
    ;;
  backup)
    mc_backup
    ;;
  status)
    if pgrep -u $USERNAME -f $SERVICE > /dev/null
    then
      echo "$SERVICE is running."
    else
      echo "$SERVICE is not running."
    fi
    ;;
  command)
    if [ $# -gt 1 ]; then
      shift
      mc_command "$*"
    else
      echo "Must specify server command (try 'help'?)"
    fi
    ;;

  *)
  echo "Usage: $0 {start|stop|update|backup|status|restart|command \"server command\"}"
  exit 1
  ;;
esac

exit 0

Các bạn có thể truy cập trang web chính thức của MinecraftWiki và xem bài viết gốc tại đây.